Lighting basics for your home interiors

Home lighting that is done today in most Goan homes is done not without a whole lot of planning. It is very important in brand new homes or remodels that a floor plan is done followed by a reflective seating plan drawn on top of it. This would give us a clear idea on where our lights are positioned. Lighting for interior space is primarily based on what we really want the lighting plan to accomplish for us that revolves around ambience, mood and feeling. The idea is to get a better understanding of the effects of the lighting placements in the room and not just the lighting sources.  For certain lighting fixtures such as chandeliers or similar lighting objects  the antithetical value of the fixture is more important than the lighting. Another aspect is,  the more we can layer the lights in the room the broader range of mood can be generated in the space. In addition this,  we need to know how dark or how light the space  is going to be, what are the texture or materials that would be used in room, what is that we are going to be lighting; cocktail tables, seating groups, artworks, sculptures etc. accordingly a lighting plan can be incorporated in the interior design of the space.

We will cover three different lamp styles sometimes referred to as ‘bulb styles’ as well the impact  effects  it has on the room.  The most common type of artificial lighting source we are generally acquainted with is the ‘A Lamp’-  a typical bulb seen in every household.  This type of bulb emits light in all directions.  There is no particular control while emitting light in particular direction. The next type of light bulb is the reflector lamp. These are commonly used as spot lights or flood lights. It provides focused lighting that emits light in a “V-shapped” direction. Spot lights have narrow emission width in comparison to a flood light which has a broader emission angle.  In addition to this there are bulbs such as the MR-16 which are smaller in size and are much controllable in terms of the direction of light it emits. These bulbs are also color corrected which means that it renders warm colors and cool colors equally.

The next aspect is the positioning of the light is  whether it is placed on the wall or the ceiling. The way a fixture is positioned determines how light is spread across the room.  Before you decide on a lighting fixture, first decide on how much light you want to emit in the room. Keep in mind that the further away light travels from the light source the less intensive it becomes.

Each room or outdoor space has it own unique characteristics therefore you will have to choose products appropriate to a particular space.  Lighting design begins with planning. You need to decide what type of lighting is required in a room and how much of it do you need.  These needs have to be categorized into three types. Ambient  lighting which is also known as general lighting, task lighting and ascent lighting. Ambient lighting is the most commonly used lighting in all rooms. Unfortunately for many people this is where their lighting aspirations begin and end with a single light source hanging in the center of the ceiling. Ambient light is defined as background lighting. Although it is great for everyday lighting, it is not particularly good for working light or creating a feature effect. Ambient lights can be chandeliers, pendents or flush ceiling fittings or broad-lighters. Task lighting helps you to perform a specific tasks such as cooking, computer work, hobbies or reading. Task lighting is directed to a specific area to achieve illumination and prevent eye strain. Accent lighting when incorporated in design plan should add visual interest to a room or a space. Directional lighting is used to emphasize a particular object  or to draw attention to an item. It can be used to highlight pictures, artwork, plans, garden structures and building exteriors.  Accent lighting requires upto three times the light on the focal point as the general lighting around it. This is achieved through wall mounted or recessed lighting.

 

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